What You Need to Know About IUDs – The Pros and Cons


Family planning is an important topic everyone must consider as they plan their lives. Some couples, especially young ones, may not be ready for a baby but must prevent pregnancy. This is where contraceptives come in.

If you are looking for a reliable and long-term form of birth control, IUDs (intrauterine devices) are a great option. IUD Singapore can provide effective contraception for up to 5 years, depending on the type. IUDs are also completely reversible – you can easily have them removed with minimal inconvenience.

In this article, we will cover some of the basics about IUDs, including their pros and cons, so that you can decide whether this form of contraception is right for you.

What Is an IUD?

IUD is a small, T-shaped device inserted into the uterus by a trained clinician. It works by releasing either copper or hormones to prevent pregnancy. The copper IUD produces a toxic environment in the uterus for sperm and eggs, thus preventing fertilization. Hormonal IUDs release progestin which thickens cervical mucus to block sperm and thins the lining of the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg.

IUDs are becoming increasingly popular as contraception due to their effectiveness, long-term protection and convenience. According to statistics from PlannedParenthood, IUDs account for 42% of contraceptive methods women use worldwide, making them one of the most popular forms of birth control available.

IUD also has its Pros and Cons, and such include:

Pros of Using IUDs

  • Highly effective: IUDs are over 99% effective in preventing pregnancy
  • Long-term protection: depending on the type of IUD, it can provide contraception for up to 5 years
  • Reversible: you can easily have them removed when desired
  • Convenient: once inserted, there is no need to think about birth control methods every day or take a pill
  • Cost-effective: since they last for years and generally cost less than other contraceptives, such as oral pills
  • No interference with sex life: Unlike condoms, using an IUD does not interfere with sexual pleasure during intercourse

Cons of Using IUDs

  • Possible side effects, including irregular menstrual bleeding and cramping
  • Risk of infection or expulsion
  • Increased risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), especially for those with multiple partners or a history of STIs
  • Not suitable for women who are pregnant, have an active pelvic infection or have an STD
menstrual cramps

H2: Two Main Types of IUDs

There are two main IUD types – hormonal and non-hormonal (copper). 

Hormonal IUD

Hormonal IUDs, or progestin-releasing intrauterine systems, release a small amount of levonorgestrel hormone. This hormone thickens the cervical mucus and thins the endometrium (uterus lining). It can also stop ovulation in some cases. This form of birth control is effective for up to 5 years.

Non-Hormonal IUD (Copper)

Non-hormonal IUDs are made out of copper, known as copper intrauterine devices. The copper wire wrapped around the device prevents sperm from fertilizing an egg by creating a hostile environment in the uterus that is toxic to sperm and eggs. Copper IUDs can provide contraception for up to 10 years, making them one of the longest-lasting forms available.

How Safe Is an IUD?

IUDs are a safe and effective form of birth control compared to other methods. Studies have shown that IUDs are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy, which is much higher than the effectiveness of oral pills, condoms and diaphragms. In addition, IUDs are long-lasting, with some types providing up to 10 years of protection. This makes them a great option for those who want reliable contraception without worrying about replacing it every month or every few years.

In terms of safety, IUDs pose very few risks when used properly. IUDs’ most common side effects include irregular menstrual bleeding and cramping during insertion and removal. There is also a small risk of infection or expulsion (the IUD moving out of place).

However, these risks can be minimized by following your doctor’s instructions carefully. In addition, women with multiple partners or a history of STIs should avoid using an IUD, as the device can increase their pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) risk.

Overall, IUDs are one of the safest and most effective forms of contraception available today. They provide long-term protection from pregnancy while also being easy to use and cost-effective in the long run. 

An IUD may be right for you if you want reliable birth control that fits your lifestyle!

Who Can Use IUDs?

Women of all ages can use an IUD, whether they have given birth or not. However, pregnant women with an active pelvic infection should avoid using one. Women who have never been pregnant may be at a slightly higher risk for expulsion but still want to consider the option as it has many benefits.

Although anyone can get an IUD, those with certain medical conditions, such as uterine fibroids and endometriosis, may find them more difficult to insert. In addition, those with multiple partners and/or a history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) carry a higher risk of developing Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), so these people should consult their doctor before considering an IUD.

IUDs with a Healthcare Provider

A healthcare provider should only insert IUDs, as they must be placed in the uterus to be effective. During this procedure, your healthcare provider will use an ultrasound to locate where your IUD should go and then insert the device into your uterus.

The insertion process usually takes five to ten minutes and is typically done during an office visit. After the insertion, your healthcare provider may recommend that you take an over-the-counter pain reliever to help with any potential cramping and discomfort.

Although the insertion process is generally very safe and easy, informing your healthcare provider of any medical conditions or allergies before getting an IUD could affect the procedure. 

Final Thoughts on IUDs

The IUD is a safe and effective form of contraception that can provide long-term protection from pregnancy. It is recommended for women of all ages, regardless of whether they have given birth. Although it can cause side effects such as irregular bleeding and cramping, these are usually mild and should subside after a few months.

If you are considering using an IUD as your primary contraceptive form, talk to your healthcare provider about the risks and benefits. With careful use, an IUD can be a great option for those looking for reliable birth control that fits their lifestyle.