Is Type 2 diabetes insipidus or mellitus?


Type 2 diabetes is a common medical condition that falls under diabetes mellitus, not diabetes insipidus. Unlike diabetes insipidus, which affects water balance in the body due to problems with antidiuretic hormone (ADH) production or its response, type 2 diabetes primarily involves insulin issues, which regulate blood sugar levels. Let’s explore the key differences of type 2 diabetes mellitus, early identification of diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus, and how FreeStyle Libre could help your Type 2 diabetes.

What is a type 2 diabetes? Is it diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes Mellitus is a common chronic medical condition characterized by high blood sugar levels and is also referred to as type 2 diabetes. It relates to diabetes mellitus in general, which includes numerous illnesses. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body fails to adequately produce or respond to insulin, resulting in a rise in blood glucose levels. This condition usually arises from lifestyle issues such as an unhealthy diet, no exercise, and hereditary factors. In many cases, successful management of diabetes may consist of adopting the right diets, engaging in physical activities, taking pills, and monitoring one’s blood sugar continuously to avoid complications and sustain good health.

Difference between Diabetes Insipidus vs. Mellitus

Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus are two distinct medical conditions that share the common symptom of excessive thirst and frequent urination, but they differ in their underlying causes and management. Diabetes Mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes, is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels due to insufficient insulin production or ineffective insulin utilization. It comes in two primary forms, Type 1 and Type 2, and requires careful monitoring of blood glucose levels, dietary management, and often medication or insulin injections.

On the other hand, Diabetes Insipidus is a rare condition caused by a deficiency in or resistance to the hormone vasopressin, which regulates water balance in the body. As a result, individuals with Diabetes Insipidus produce excessive quantities of dilute urine and experience extreme thirst. Unlike Diabetes Mellitus, it does not involve problems with blood sugar regulation and is treated by addressing the underlying vasopressin deficiency through medications like desmopressin or by managing fluid intake.

Signs of having Diabetes Insipisidus and Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Insipidus (DI) and Diabetes Mellitus (DM) are two distinct conditions that share the name “diabetes” due to the common symptom of increased thirst and urination. Still, they have different underlying causes and symptoms. Here are the signs and symptoms of each:

Diabetes Insipidus (DI)

DI is a rare disorder that affects the kidneys’ ability to regulate the body’s water balance by concentrating urine. There are two primary types of DI: Central DI and Nephrogenic DI. 

  • Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia)
  • Excessive Urination (Polyuria)
  • Dilute Urine
  • Dehydration
  • Nocturia
  • Fatigue

Diabetes Mellitus (DM)

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) due to problems with insulin production or action. There are several types of DM, including Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. 

  • Excessive Thirst (Polydipsia)
  • Excessive Urination (Polyuria)
  • Increased Hunger (Polyphagia)
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred Vision
  • Slow Healing
  • Frequent Infections
  • Numbness or Tingling

How Freestyle Libre Can Help Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

Freestyle Libre, a continuous glucose monitoring system, can significantly prevent Type 2 diabetes by helping individuals manage their blood sugar levels more effectively. This innovative device allows people to monitor their glucose levels in real time, providing valuable insights into how their lifestyle choices impact their blood sugar. By tracking these fluctuations, individuals at risk of Type 2 diabetes can make informed decisions about their diet, exercise, and overall health. Freestyle Libre empowers them to identify patterns and trends, enabling timely adjustments to their daily routines and potentially staving off the development of diabetes. With the ability to catch and address rising glucose levels early on, this technology is a valuable tool in proactively managing and preventing Type 2 diabetes.


Type 2 diabetes is a form of diabetes mellitus, not diabetes insipidus. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by elevated blood sugar levels due to insulin resistance or insufficient insulin production. In contrast, diabetes insipidus is a separate condition that affects water balance in the body, causing excessive thirst and urination due to problems with the hormone vasopressin. It’s important to distinguish between the two, as they have different causes and require different approaches to management and treatment.